The Protected areas of Tamil Nadu State in South India cover an area of 3,305 km sq. (1,276 sq mi), constituting 2.54% of the geographic area and 15% of the 22,643 km sq. (8,743 sq mi) recorded forest area. It ranks 14th among all the States and Union Territories of India in terms of total protected area. The major protected areas include 3 Biosphere reserves, 5 National parks, 8 Wildlife sanctuaries, 4 elephant reserves, 4 Tiger Reserves and 13 Bird sanctuaries. These protected areas of the state contain viable populations of threatened wildlife, keystone species and endemic species and cover significant eco-system types, habitats, landscapes and wildlife corridors. These protected areas of the state are mainly managed for conservation of biodiversity, education, recreation, and preservation of historic sites, unique landscapes and seascapes.
Creation and administration of Protected areas in South India originated with the Maharajas of the Southern Princely States' private hunting grounds. The Mudumalai National Park, established in 1940, was the first modern Wildlife Sanctuary in South India.

Most of Kerala, whose native habitat consists of wet evergreen rain forests at lower elevations and highland deciduous and semi-evergreen forests in the east, is subject to a humid tropical climate. however, significant variations in terrain and elevation have resulted in a land whose biodiversity registers as among the world's most significant.


There is a wide diversity of plants and animals in South India, resulting from its varied climates and geography. Deciduous forests are found along the Western Ghats while tropical dry forests and scrub lands are common in the interior Deccan plateau. The southern Western Ghats have rain forests located at high altitudes called the South Western Ghats rain forests and the Malabar Coast moist forests are found on the coastal plains. The Western Ghats is one of the eight hottest biodiversity hot spots in the world and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Important ecological regions of South India are the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, located at the conjunction of the borders of Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu in the Nilgiri Hills and the Anamalai Hills in the Western Ghats. Bird sanctuaries including Vedanthangal, Ranganathittu, Kumarakom, Neelapattu and Pulicat are home to numerous migratory and local birds.

Lakshadweep has been declared a bird sanctuary by the Wildlife Institute of India. Other protected ecological sites include the mangrove forests of Pichavaram in Tamil Nadu, the backwaters of Pulicat lake in Tamil Nadu and Vembanad, Ashtamudi, Paravur and Kayamkulam lakes in Kerala. The Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve covers an area of 10,500 km.sq of ocean, islands and the adjoining coastline including coral reefs, salt marshes and mangroves. It is home to Endangered aquatic species including dolphins, dugongs, whales and sea cucumbers.

The region is home to one of the largest populations of endangered Indian elephant and Bengal Tiger in India. Elephant populations are found in eight fragmented sites in South India; in northern Karnataka, along the Western Ghats, in Bhadra–Malnad, in Brahmagiri–Nilgiris–Eastern Ghats, in Nilambur–Silent Valley–Coimbatore, in Anamalai–Parambikulam, in Periyar–Srivilliputhur and Agasthyamalai. The region is home to one-third of the tiger population and more than half of the elephant population of India. There are 14 Project Tiger reserves and 11 Project Elephant reserves in the region. Other threatened and endangered species found in the region include grizzled giant squirrel, grey slender loris, sloth bear, nilgiri tahr, nilgiri langur, lion-tailed macaque, and Indian leopard.

Dates and Prices

Best time to visit South India for birding and wildlife viewing is October to March. Please write to us for dates and prices.


Western Ghat - The hill ranges starting from ' Tapthi ' and ending at ' Ashampoos ' in Tamil Nadu is biologically rich forest area in peninsular India.This is about 1600 kms in length.The high point is Anamudi in Kerala [8432 Feet above mean sea level and the lowest is a gape called '' Palghat gap'' which only 250 Ft above mean sea level in Kerala. There are many species of Flora and Founa endemic to Western Ghats.About 16 Species of birds are recorded endemic to Western Ghats.Recent classification include about 10 to 12 Species in the list.


Click on a day below to see what will be taking place.

Day 1

Upon arrival at Kochi (Capital city of Kerala state and is well connected by international airline hubs). We will receive you at the airport and transfer you to your hotel in the city. Depending upon your flight time the day will be decided. If time permits then we will have a brief about the tour. Overnight at the hotel in Kochi.

Day 2, 3 AND 4

Early morning drive to Thattekad....by far the best birding spot in South India.In an area of approximately 25 square kilometres over 322 species have been recorded.There will also be night birding for the Nightjars, Frogmouths & Owls. Specialties here include Spot-bellied Eagle-Owl,Ceylon Frogmouth,Red Spurfowl, Rofous Babbler,Brown-breasted,White-bellied,Blue-tailed&Rusty-tailed Flycatchers,Grey-headed Bulbul and Wynad Laughing Trush. Moreover Thattekkad ideal fpr seeing a good number of the endemics of Western Ghats.The more difficult birds are Wynad laughing Trush and Grey-headed Bulbul. Proceed to Urulanthanny, at the other end of the reserve Bulbul and Laughing Trush. Other notable species like to be seen are Red Spurfowl Ceylon Frogmouth,Blue-bearded Bee-eater,Malabar Grey Hornbill,White-bellied and Heart-spoted Woodpeckers, Rofous Babbler,White-bellied Blue Flycatcher,White-bellied Treepie and Malabar Trogon.

For three full days we will explore this region and enrich our bird list. Overnight at Thattekad.

Day 5 and 6 - Periyar Wildlife Sanctuary

Periyar Tiger Reserve is one of the finest wildlife & birding destinations in South India. With over 320 bird species identified and a leading habitat for the Bengal Tiger, this sanctuary is an ideal destination of the tour. Periyar National Park contains a variety of habitats from grassland and dry deciduous forest to evergreen forest and riverside scrub. As a result of its wide range of habitats Periyar boasts an impressive list of resident species including about half the peninsular endemics and near-endemics We will spend the day searching here for some very special species including the secretive and wary Wayanad Laughingthrush. Other birds to look out for include White-rumped and Brown-backed Needletails, Oriental Honey-Buzzard, Black Eagle, the striking Black Baza, Pompadour Green and Mountain Imperial Pigeon, the migratory Chestnut-winged Cuckoo, Yellow-browed Bulbul, Gray-breasted Prinia, Thick-billed Warbler, Brown-cheeked Fulvetta, and the Asian Fairy Bluebird among other more widespread species. We may also sight the Woolly-necked Stork, Besra, Vernal Hanging Parrot, Jungle Owlet, White-rumped Spinetail, Black-naped Monarch and the Little Spiderhunter.

Day 7 and 8 Munnar

We will leave for Munnar via the Ghats to Khambam where we should sight the Large Grey Babbler, Common Babbler, Jungle Bush Quail and the Grey Fanco¬lin. We will proceed to Bodi Ghats en-route Munnar and stop over for sighting the rare Yellow Throated Bulbul, Indian Robin, Sirkeer Malkoha, Short Toed Snake Eagle, Bluefaced Malkoha and the Black eagle. We will reach Munnar by evening. The next day we will go birding in the sholas (high altitude montane forests) and grasslands for the Nilgiri Pipit, Painted Bush Quail, Nilgiri Wood Pigeon, Black & Orange Flycatcher, Nilgiri Flycatcher, Whitebellied Shortwing, Broadtailed Grassbird, Grasshopper Warbler.

Day 09 at Ooty

We will start early in the morning birding at Chinnar (dry scrub forest) looking for White-bellied Drongo, Blue faced Malkoha, White-naped woodpecker, Blue-beared bee-eater, Sirkeer Malkoha, Jungle Bush Quail and the Yellow-legged Button quail. From here taking the long drive, we will reach Ooty by evening. Ooty - a hill station, at about 2,200m in the Nilgiri Hills - is where we will look for the endemic Nilgiri Laughing Thrush, White-bellied Shortwing, and Black-and-rufous, Rusty-tailed and Nilgiri Flycatchers.

Overnight at Ooty, another beautiful hill station.

Day 10 and 11 Masinagudi/ Mudumalai

After birding at Ooty, we will make our way to Mudumalai located at the foot of the of the Nilgiris hills. The terrain is varied with hills, valleys, ravines, watercourses and swamps, moist deciduous forests, dry deciduous forests and scrub forests and hence is ideal birding country. Should see Jerdon's Bushlark, Sirkeer Malkoha, Indian Blue Robin, Chestnut-bellied Nuthatch, White-bellied Minivet, Yellow-billed Babbler, White-bellied Woodpecker, Large Cuckooshrike, Banded-bay Cuckoo, Thick-billed Warbler, Malabar Lark and Painted Bush Quail.

Day 12 Mysore

We will proceed towards Mysore birding along the way. Here we have a chance to look for any of the endemics missed especially the very rare Broadtailed Grassbird near the Bandipur Reserve. Also seen are the Paddyfield Pipit, Richards Pipit and the Ashcrowned Finch Lark.

Day 13 - Bangalore

We depart early morning to visit the famous heronry on an islands on the Cauvery River at the Ranganthittu Wildlife sanctuary. Rowing boat cruise enables view of Eurasian spoonbill, Black-crowned night heron, three species of Cormorant, River Tern and Thick Knee, and many others. Transfer to Bangalore and birding along the way. Check into an airport hotel by late evening.

Day 14 Departure

On time transfer to the airport for flight to onward destination.



Below are the places that are visited on this specific tour


An extension pre-tour is recommended to enjoy ythe backwater cruise oif Kerala and Ayurveda therapies at one of the ayurveda resorts.

Day 01 - Arrive Kochi , Overnight at Kochi
Day 02 - Kochi - Sightseeingg visit Muttoncheery island, Cheinese fishing nets, Old Kochi and watch Kathakali dance show.
Day 03 - Kochi to Kumarakom and embark on backwater houseboat.....boat will cruise through the backwaters and sometimes come out in the open vembanad lake. Overnight on board the boat. A fabulous experience.
Day 04 - Disembark and drive to Kovalam , visit Padmanabh swami temple (The richets temple in the world)
Day 05 - At Kovalam , enjhoy beach and ayurveda
Day 06 - Kovalam to Kochi


Please get in touch with us for your requirement and we will be happy to assist you and design a program as per your need and provide all tour related services from your arrival to Departure. Arrival/Departure assistance, hotel and jungle resort booking, inland transport and transfers, Jungle safaris, guides, drivers, entry fees, specialist naturalists, particular specie target, highly professional services will be provided. Our team has an experience of over hundred years collectively in client service and we enjoy very high reputation.


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