The Protected areas of Tamil Nadu State in South India cover an area of 3,305 km sq. (1,276 sq mi), constituting 2.54% of the geographic area and 15% of the 22,643 km sq. (8,743 sq mi) recorded forest area. It ranks 14th among all the States and Union Territories of India in terms of total protected area. The major protected areas include 3 Biosphere reserves, 5 National parks, 8 Wildlife sanctuaries, 4 elephant reserves, 4 Tiger Reserves and 13 Bird sanctuaries. These protected areas of the state contain viable populations of threatened wildlife, keystone species and endemic species and cover significant eco-system types, habitats, landscapes and wildlife corridors. These protected areas of the state are mainly managed for conservation of biodiversity, education, recreation, and preservation of historic sites, unique landscapes and seascapes.
Creation and administration of Protected areas in South India originated with the Maharajas of the Southern Princely States' private hunting grounds. The Mudumalai National Park, established in 1940, was the first modern Wildlife Sanctuary in South India.

Most of Kerala, whose native habitat consists of wet evergreen rain forests at lower elevations and highland deciduous and semi-evergreen forests in the east, is subject to a humid tropical climate. however, significant variations in terrain and elevation have resulted in a land whose biodiversity registers as among the world's most significant.


There is a wide diversity of plants and animals in South India, resulting from its varied climates and geography. Deciduous forests are found along the Western Ghats while tropical dry forests and scrub lands are common in the interior Deccan plateau. The southern Western Ghats have rain forests located at high altitudes called the South Western Ghats rain forests and the Malabar Coast moist forests are found on the coastal plains. The Western Ghats is one of the eight hottest biodiversity hot spots in the world and a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Important ecological regions of South India are the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, located at the conjunction of the borders of Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu in the Nilgiri Hills and the Anamalai Hills in the Western Ghats. Bird sanctuaries including Vedanthangal, Ranganathittu, Kumarakom, Neelapattu and Pulicat are home to numerous migratory and local birds.

Lakshadweep has been declared a bird sanctuary by the Wildlife Institute of India. Other protected ecological sites include the mangrove forests of Pichavaram in Tamil Nadu, the backwaters of Pulicat lake in Tamil Nadu and Vembanad, Ashtamudi, Paravur and Kayamkulam lakes in Kerala. The Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve covers an area of 10,500 km.sq of ocean, islands and the adjoining coastline including coral reefs, salt marshes and mangroves. It is home to Endangered aquatic species including dolphins, dugongs, whales and sea cucumbers.

The region is home to one of the largest populations of endangered Indian elephant and Bengal Tiger in India. Elephant populations are found in eight fragmented sites in South India; in northern Karnataka, along the Western Ghats, in Bhadra–Malnad, in Brahmagiri–Nilgiris–Eastern Ghats, in Nilambur–Silent Valley–Coimbatore, in Anamalai–Parambikulam, in Periyar–Srivilliputhur and Agasthyamalai. The region is home to one-third of the tiger population and more than half of the elephant population of India. There are 14 Project Tiger reserves and 11 Project Elephant reserves in the region. Other threatened and endangered species found in the region include grizzled giant squirrel, grey slender loris, sloth bear, nilgiri tahr, nilgiri langur, lion-tailed macaque, and Indian leopard.

Dates and Prices

Best time to visit South India for birding and wildlife viewing is October to March. Please write to us for dates and prices.


Western Ghat - The hill ranges starting from ' Tapthi ' and ending at ' Ashampoos ' in Tamil Nadu is biologically rich forest area in peninsular India.This is about 1600 kms in length.The high point is Anamudi in Kerala 8432 Feet above mean sea level and the lowest is a gape called '' Palghat gap'' which only 250 Feet above mean sea level in Kerala. There are many species of Flora and Founa endemic to Western Ghats.About 16 Species of birds are recorded endemic to Western Ghats.Recent classification include about 10 to 12 Species in the list.



Click on a day below to see what will be taking place.

Day 1 Arrive Kochi

Upon arrival at Kochi (Capital city of Kerala state and is well connected by international airline hubs). We will receive you at the airport and transfer you to your hotel in the city. Depending upon your flight time the day will be decided. If time permits then we will have a brief about the tour. Overnight at the hotel in Kochi.

Day 2 , 3 and 4 at Thattekad

After early breakfast transfer to Thaktekad and meet your field guide here. This is where you spend three nights.

Thattekkad - by far the best birding spot in South India. In an area of approximately 25 square kilometres over 322 species have been recorded.There will also be night birding for the Nightjars, Frogmouths & Owls. Specialties here include Spot-bellied Eagle-Owl,Ceylon Frogmouth,Red Spurfowl, Rofous Babbler,Brown-breasted,White-bellied,Blue-tailed&Rusty-tailed Flycatchers,Grey-headed Bulbul and Wynad Laughing Trush. Moreover Thattekkad is ideal for seeing a good number of the endemics of Western Ghats.The more difficult birds are Wynad laughing Trush and Grey-headed Bulbul. Proceed to Urulanthanny, at the other end of the reserve Bulbul and Laughing Thrush.Other notable species like to be seen are Red Spurfowl Ceylon Frogmouth, Blue-bearded Bee-eater,Malabar Grey Hornbill,White-bellied and Heart-spoted Woodpeckers,Rofous Babbler,White-bellied Blue Flycatcher,White-bellied Treepie and Malabar Trogon.

Day 5 and 6 at Munnar

Transfer to Munnar,a hill station situated a 1450 meter in the centre of a major tea-producing region.The birding areas are on either side of the plateau of the High Range [Nilgiri Hills], at Rajmalai [part of Eravikulam National Park,12 kms from Munnar] or in the sholas-there are dense patches of the natural evergreen forest in sheltered valleys.In these forests and grass lands here one can see Nilgiri Wood Pigeon, Nilgiri and Black and Orange Flycatchers, Grey breasted Laughing Thrush,White-bellied Short wing, Nilgiri Pipit,Painted Bush-quail,,the grassy plateau is also one of the last habitat of the Nilgiri Tahr.

Day 7 and 8 Ooty

Drive towards Ooty, En-route we will stop over at Chinnar a unique thorny scrub forest in the rain shadow region of Western Ghats, about 60 kms from Munnar. One can sight Large Grey Babbler, White-bellied and White-naped Woodpecker,Lessor White-throat and Jerdon's Baza, Rain Quail,Blue-breasted Quil,Speckled Piculet,Blue-bearded Bee-eater,Sirkeer Malkoha,Orientel Scopsowl,Black Baza,White-rumped Shama,Streak-Throated Swallow and Grey-breasted Laughing Trush. We will reach Ooty by evening.

Day two we will bird in and around Ooty and enjoy its lavish landscape.

Day 9 - Ooty - Masinaguri - Kochi

We will bird at the Cairn hill shola as well as the Kallatti Ghats en-route to Masanagudi, By late afternoon,depart for Cochin.

Upon arrival at Kochi overnight at the hotel.

Day 10 - Departure

On time transfer to the airport or start of the extension tour.



Below are the places that are visited on this specific tour


KERALA BACKWATER CRUISE is highly recommended for a night and stay at Kumarakom and enjoy Ayurveda or One night on the backwater houseboat and a few night at an Ayurveda beach resort at Kovalam.

Please write to us to get the itinerary and price details and our recommendations for the resorts.


Please get in touch with us for your requirement and we will be happy to assist you and design a program as per your need and provide all tour related services from your arrival to Departure. Arrival/Departure assistance, hotel and jungle resort booking, inland transport and transfers, Jungle safaris, guides, drivers, entry fees, specialist naturalists, particular specie target, highly professional services will be provided. Our team has an experience of over hundred years collectively in client service and we enjoy very high reputation.

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